Sunday, May 24, 2020

Neutral Tones By Thomas Hardy - 1420 Words

â€Å"Neutral Tones,† a poem written by Thomas Hardy, is composed of four stanzas with each stanza consisting of four lines. The first and fourth line of each stanza rhyme, while the second and third line of each stanza rhyme. Each line is short enough to be spoken with a single breath, and the last line of each stanza is slightly indented. Both the tone and diction throughout the poem is consistently depressing. The theme of â€Å"Neutral Tones† is that love is not always what one would expect it to be. The theme is expressed as the speaker reflects upon a past relationship that did not end smoothly. The gloomy mood of the poem is immediately set in the first stanza. The opening sentence, â€Å"We stood by a pond that winter day,† provides details regarding the setting (1). The verb tense informs the reader that the speaker is reminiscing on a day that has happened in the past. Using the word â€Å"that† clues the reader in that the day being reflected upon was one of great importance to the speaker. Being that â€Å"winter† has a negative connotation as the depressing season, the tone is further set by mentioning the time of year; winter is lonely, frigid, and dormant. Using â€Å"winter† as the season sets the depressing tone for love to die similarly to how the leaves mentioned in the poem are also dying (3). The third line, â€Å"a few leaves lay on the starving sod,† showcases the death of the leaves which otherwise would be an ordinary event if it did not enhance the mood. The use of personificationShow MoreRelatedNeutral Tones by Thomas H ardy1653 Words   |  7 PagesNeutral Tones by Thomas Hardy (1867) Neutral Tones BY  THOMAS HARDY We stood by a pond that winter day, And the sun was white, as though chidden of God, And a few leaves lay on the starving sod;   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ They had fallen from an ash, and were gray. Your eyes on me were as eyes that rove Over tedious riddles of years ago; And some words played between us to and fro   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  On which lost the more by our love. The smile on your mouth was the deadest thing Alive enough to haveRead MoreAnalysis Of Neutral Tones By Thomas Hardy1056 Words   |  5 Pagesto be completely numb. Throughout the following poems â€Å"Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?†, â€Å"My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun†, â€Å"The Flea†, and Thomas Hardy’s â€Å"Neutral Tones† the authors all share their experiences about love, with a major emphasis on the hardships that come with love. In Thomas Hardy’s poem â€Å"Neutral Tones† written in 1867, he reflects back on his past and the lessons he learned from it. By portraying his sadness throughout the poem he pushes the readers to recognizeRead More An Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy Essay822 Words   |  4 PagesAn Analysis of Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy      Ã‚   We stood by a pond that winter day, (1) This line indicates a still quietness, with lack of the movement of life. There is a vast difference in appearance and movement around a pond in winter and a pond in the midst of summer. This indicates no leaves, and no visible signs of life. The poet is painting a stark and lifeless scene. And the sun was white, as though chidden of God,(2) This is indicative of the modernist approach to lightRead More Comparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence Essay2047 Words   |  9 PagesComparing the poems Neutral Tones and Absence Both the poems Neutral Tones by Thomas Hardy and Absence by Elizabeth Jennings mention and describe the poets feelings about losing their partners. Even though the general theme, the loss of love, is the same, many features such as tone, imagery, language and rhyme scheme differ from each other. Hardy emphasises more on his feelings towards his break up. He doesnt actually mention how he feels, but instead, the imagery he uses and theRead MorePorphyria s Lover And Neutral Tones1318 Words   |  6 PagesAt the most superficial layer, the speaker’s in both Porphyria’s Lover and Neutral Tones, written by Thomas hardy, both deal with loss. The tones in Neutral Tones seem to be indifferent, or Neutral. Porphyria’s Lover speaker ends up murdering his beloved at the end the poem. While this isn’t the case with the speaker in Neutral Tones, the two speakers are much more similar than we might think. The speaker in Neutral Tones doesn’t outright murder his lover, but there is a considerable amount of disdainRead MoreThomas Hardy Poems16083 Words   |  65 Pages ´C ´, â€Å"crass casualty† that creates a sharp angry yet satisfying tone. Personification is the device seen in this sonnet as it is seen at line 9,†joy lies slain† where joy is seen as a person being killed by an assassin, hence being slain. Line 12, time is personified as a gambler who throws a â⠂¬Å"moan† as he is throwing the dice in an attempt for it to land on happiness. The persona challenges god fiercely in an outraged tone, a sad tone is being detected in hardy’s witting because god is such a powerfulRead More Bitterness, Weariness and Impotence in Hardys Tess of the dUbervilles2873 Words   |  12 PagesBitterness, Weariness and Impotence in Thomas Hardys Tess of the dUbervilles In his novel Tess of the dUbervilles, as well as much of his poetry, Thomas Hardy expresses his dissatisfaction, weariness, and an overwhelming sense of injustice at the cruelty of our universal fate  - disappointment and disillusionment. Hardy argues that the hopes and desires of Men are cruelly thwarted by a potent combination of all-powerful Nature, fate, unforeseen accidents and disasters, and tragic flawsRead MoreJohn Keats s Poem, The Darkling Thrush1952 Words   |  8 Pageswith nature and its beauty. In John Keats’s poem â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† he feels enraptured the moment he listens to the songbird and feels that beauty and love, as an embodiment of art, are imperishable having perpetual springtime freshness. As for Thomas Hardy’s poem â€Å"The Darkling Thrush,† he feels deserted and disappointed that his imagination could not detain him for long in its world, but is brought back to the world of reality, as he is able hear the bird joyf ully sing, but is out of touch withRead MoreLove and Death Poem Analysis2154 Words   |  9 PagesPOETRY – Poems about Love DIRECTIONS: Discuss the attitude/tone of the poem and the theme in your small groups. Afterward, write down your conclusions regarding the tone and theme of poems about a similar subject. |â€Å"The Quiet World† |â€Å"Flirtation† |â€Å"Song: To Celia |â€Å"love is more thicker than forget† |â€Å"Neutral Tones† | | | Read MoreLiterature Marking Scheme9477 Words   |  38 Pagesmust answer on one set text from this section: ** Thomas Hardy The following fourteen poems: Neutral Tones ‘I Look into My Glass’ Drummer Hodge The Darkling Thrush On the Departure Platform The Pine Planters The Convergence of the Twain The Going The Voice At the Word ‘Farewell’ During Wind and Rain In Time of ‘The Breaking of Nations’ No Buyers: A Street Scene Nobody Comes These may be found in Selected Poems, ed. Harry Thomas (Penguin). Poems printed in the paper will follow

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

A Unique And Forward Thinking Organization - 792 Words

I would like to introduce Taking Positive Steps Associates. A unique and forward-thinking organisation, spearheaded by Claudine Duberry an author and entrepreneur. Taking Positive Steps, delivers bespoke training services, which is supported by research to professionals, students and young people, designed to raise the awareness of the incidents, and affects of gang behaviour impacting on those from Black and Ethnic Minority backgrounds, and the wider communities. Taking Positive Steps also provides additional solutions to tackle the issue of gangs in schools consequential thinking, and divert children on the periphery of gang membership from getting recruited into a life of crime and under achievement. Notwithstanding this Taking Positive Steps is able to offer a holistic resettlement service to resettled offenders, which the government has recently termed as ‘Through The Gate’ Why is the Taking Positive Steps brand of services required in schools, colleges and universities?  § ONS unemployment figures indicate that around 628,000 youths were jobless in are jobless in the UK in September 2015.  § This data further indicated that 1.66 million were economically inactive (not in work and not looking or available for work).  § 50% of BME youths are unemployed in the UK  § BME exclusion rates in schools are proportionately higher than white students  § Afro-Caribbean males and other ethnic groups are underachieving at GCSE level. Many children who have beenShow MoreRelatedReview Of Related Literature And Studies Essay1585 Words   |  7 Pagescomprehensive approach in helping an organization transform from top to bottom. According to Delaney (2011), a transformation starts individually. It will become the foundation in building a healthy high-performance organization. After which, the team is the middle group that needs behavioral changed. These two, individuals and team, once aligned with the company’s mission and vision have now understand the thriving purpose of culture-shaping for high-performance organization. The above mentioned methodologiesRead MoreCorporate Level Strategy : Ralph Lauren s Reputation And Distinctive Image1046 Words   |  5 Pagesinitiatives. (â€Å"The Main Facets†, 2016). As a result, of their review, the company announced a turn-around plan that they named the â€Å"Way Forward Plan† to achieve horizontal growth. Horizontal growth is achieved by expanding operations into other geographical locations or by expanding the range of products or services offered in the existing market. (T, 2016). RL’s â€Å"Way Forward Plan† is designed to focus on horizontal growth by evolving its product, marketing, and shopping experience, by refocusing the companyRead MoreTalent Firms Success/ Failure1675 Words   |  7 Pagesand Firms Success/ Failure Prepared for GB 540: Economics Prepared by Amare Ayalew Student in Kaplan University Talent and Firms Success/Failure Talent is the main driving force for business success. Talent management is a process by which an organization identify, attract, manage, utilize, retain, develop and engage people to meet current and future needs (Mucha, 2004). Business need to understand and respond to their employees needs in the workplace. The completion to acquire talented workforceRead MoreReview Of Related Literature And Studies1438 Words   |  6 Pagescomprehensive approach in helping an organization transform from top to bottom. According to Delaney (2011), a transformation starts individually. It will become the foundation in building a healthy high-performance organization. After which, the team is the middle group that needs behavioral changed. These two, individuals and team, once aligned with the company’s mission and vision have now understand the thriving purpose of culture-shaping for high-performance organization. The above mentioned methodologiesRead MoreCuba And Its Effects On The World1328 Words   |  6 PagesJardà ­nes de la Reina in the south-central region of the country, established in 1996. The MPA is a no-take zone for commercial fisheries, and tourism is managed through minimizing the amount of tourism businesses in the area, partnering with research organizations, and enforcement of the government. A study published in 2014, showed that the creation of the marine reserve had â€Å"promoted significantly higher densities† of critically endangered species. The local communities around the reserve are also activelyRead MoreDiversity Of The Health Care System1635 Words   |  7 Pagessuccessfully maintained within the health care organization. As stated by B.E. Smith’s article Leadership Diversity: The Path to Value-Based Care, â€Å"Increasing the racial, ethnic, gender and generational diversity of health care leadership is essential for the provision of culturally competent, value-based care† (Citation 1). That is to say that diversity and the standards of culture that are upheld by the upper management levels within a healthcare organization is an absolute necessity that must be properlyRead MoreCompany Case 8- Samsung: from Gallop to Run735 Words   |  3 Pagesand increase effectiveness. Samsung uses the team-based approach when CEO Lee started the â€Å"new management† era. This strategy was utilized to make Samsung the premiere brand they wanted to be and to create a top-to-bottom strategy for the entire organization. Systematic new-product development is defined when the process is holistic and systematic rather than compartmentalized and haphazard. Samsung uses the systematic new-product development by investing heavily into the development of new, innovativeRead MoreCampbells Five-Viewpoints1079 Words   |  5 PagesCampbell essentially argues in his paper, â€Å"Beyond the Five-Paragraph Essay.† Campbellâ€℠¢s main idea that he reiterates and stresses over and over again; is that the five-paragraph formula doesn’t properly allow students to express themselves with their own unique voice through writing. The alternatives to the five-paragraph formula are better suited for students as they allow students to use as he stated, â€Å"their authentic, authoritative voices. Campbell sets the scene by showing how some teachers defendedRead MoreWhat Are Transactional Hr Responsibilities?857 Words   |  4 PagesScientific Method of management. Frederick Taylor started to recognize a relation between worker satisfaction and productivity. If employees were content, they would be increasingly productive. Taylor’s research was the discovery of current HR thinking, which shows matching the people to the work, appropriately training them for their job and providing incentives, workers will do the work as defined. This type of research led to labor unions and the Civil Service Commission. These entities improvedRead MoreA Customer Driven Organization Is The Most Important Mission And Purpose Of Every Business1242 Words   |  5 PagesA customer driven organization is one that listens to its customers and integrates customers into its business by providing customer focused solutions. It develops and uses customer feedback systems to keep abreast of their requirements and measure how well the organization is doing in meeting these requirements. A customer driven firm should continuously analyze its performance data and use that information to improve work processes and services delivered to customers. What did A.G. Lafley, ex

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Woodland Indians Free Essays

Eastern Woodland And The Seven Years’ War The Eastern Woodland Indians mainly consisted of two major regions the Iroquois, which comprised of five tribes and added an additional a sixth later, and the Cherokee. The Indians in the Eastern Woodland nation lived East of the plains and all the way to the coast, Iroquois in North Eastern currently know as the Ohio area and Cherokee South Eastern currently known as the Tennessee and Georgia area. All Indians lived off the lands hunting, gathering, farming, and fishing all to survive. We will write a custom essay sample on Woodland Indians or any similar topic only for you Order Now Men constructed bows and arrows to hunt deer and smaller game, women cultivated garden plots gathering corn, beans, and tobacco. The Seven Years’ War or also know as the French and Indian war, the war was fought between Great Britain and France during the years 1756-1763. Warfare was fought in North Eastern America, involving Indians fighting on both sides aligning beside and against European militias. The outcome entailed the British winning the war and with the assistance of the Indians, the French withdrew and were conquered by British dominance. The central purpose for the Indians was to safeguard their homeland and preserve the land independent of foreign dominance. This is why the Seven Year’ War was a pivotal point in Indian civilization because they displayed that they could hold their North Eastern Land. War was eminent with the Indians fighting themselves and siding on different sides. The British constituently pushed for expansion invading the lands of the Iroquois. War and diplomacy involved Europeans and Indians engaging in negotiation to achieve peace trade and land through a diplomacy and not war. War for America the battle between Britain and France continued to propagate because the desire for more land. The Indians became antagonistic in defending their land from foreign invasion. The French assembled resistance with the assistance of Indians in an attempt to push the British out. In the year 1758 the British made peace with the Iroquois Indians. This agreement was made â€Å"Why don’t you and the French fight in the old country and on the sea? The Delaware’s asked. â€Å"Why do you com to fight on our land? This makes everybody believe you want only to take and settle the Land( Calloway) Why would the English â€Å"Wonder at our joining with the French in the present day war? † they asked; â€Å"were we but sure that you will not take our lands on the Ohio, or the West side of Allegiances hills from us; we could drive away the French when we please† (Calloway) Division between the tribal villages throughout the Seven Years’ War caused blood between the tribal communities. The Eastern Woodland Indians had two types of chief’s village and warrior. Most village chiefs were against war and blood bath and reasoned against fighting. Warrior’s chiefs had dissimilar viewpoints from the village chief’s, Warriors chiefs over threw decisions made by village chiefs. â€Å"Formerly the Warriors were governed by the wisdom of their uncles the Sachems,:† sad an Onondaga chief during the revolution, â€Å"but now they take their own way and dispose of themselves without consulting their uncles the Sachemes (Calloway). † Because of the warrior chiefs motives the Easter woodland were often consider bloodthirsty and savages when referred by the Europeans. The British completed an agreement with the Ohio Indians to protect their land from the French. The French fell week without the Indians assistance allowing the British to effortlessly overthrow the French. The British won the war in 1763. Due to the fact that the Indians knew that this â€Å"war was a contest for Indian land as well as for American independence† most of the Indians sided with the British in hopes to regain their land and freedom (Calloway). Nevertheless, with the threat of war absent, land pioneers and colonizers entered into much of the Iroquois territory, infuriating battles with the Indians. Under the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, the Iroquois ceded to New York all lands east of a line drawn southward. Johnson drafted that treaty and gained Iroquois support. I feel that the most pivotal point in the Woodland Indians occurred when they sided with the British and overcame the French and forced them out. If the Indians hadn’t sided with the British the American Revolution couldn’t of transpired. ? Works Cited Calloway, ed. , The World Turned Upside Down, 133-34. Calloway, Colin G. First Peoples: A Documentary Survey of American Indian History. Third ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2004. Print. Pennsylvania Archives, 1st series, 3 (1853), 548-49 Seneca And Onondaga quotes from Calloway, The American Revolution in Indian Country, 7, 59. How to cite Woodland Indians, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

IPhone Consumption Apple Advertisement

Question: Describe about the IPhone consumption Thesis statement-IPhone users should be aware of the issues that factories have 6 work cited sources. Answer: Introduction Despite Apples iPhone 6S being a tremendous hit, Apple seems to be drawing flak from communities. China is a significant supplier of iPhone and Apple products and manufactures them at its local plants. These privately owned plants require that a shift of 8 hours a day and five days a week doesn't meet the hiring requirements. The laborers of these plants work a minimum of 9 hours a day and draw many overtime hours to meet the required living expenses. The company had drawn criticism earlier, for failing to control labor exploitation, in the process of its product manufacturing. The recent allegation has been made by a China Labor watchdog, who claims that the working conditions are inhumane and unhygienic. The agency also argued that the workers live in cramped dormitories. The dormitories are unsanitary and offer the least privacy to its female workers. The people buying any product should be aware of the entire process of manufacturing. Low wages and Long working hours persists on iPhone factories in China Allegations and complaints about facilities on factories aren't new to Apple. The company had earlier been criticized by the technical community on working conditions prevalent in the manufacture of products(Ballew). The company had previously made attempts to sort out the problem. The frameworks and guidelines remained at large on paper but were never realized. The company now has policies to ensure proper auditing of the manufacturer's accounts. These steps were necessary, but still, there is a lack of proper implementation of the surveys and audits. The manufacturing plants at China thus take full advantage of the lax policy implementation and exploit its workforce to the maximum(Delin). An investigator associated with official China Labor Watchdog had made supportive claims to these allegations. The investigator said that the workers earn $1.85 USD per hour and push for additional overtime. The overtimes are necessary for the labor to enable them to pay for their living. The standard shift was 8 hours per day, but come September; the workforce works additional 20 hours of overtime per week(Workforce). The extra overtime is split between 2 extra hours per shift on weekdays and an additional ten-hour shift on Saturdays. After summation of the extra hours, the workers earn $753 in monthly wages. That aforementioned overtime hour was necessarily the minimum allowed overtime. The plant on which the report is based is the largest producer of iPhones in China. The manufacturing concern named Pegatron is located at Shanghai and supplies 30 percent of all iPhones in the world. How the United States did not survive on iPhone manufacturing American workers are the most educated, upon comparison with their counterparts working overseas. But people who culture technical learning say that the country has ceased to train sufficient workers in the middle-level skills that factories require. That has had a huge impact on the manufacturing sector of electronic goods. Until lately, Apple boasted of its American made products. But a current trend shows that almost 70 percent Apple products are outsourced from Asian countries. There are 40,000 employees in the US and 20,000 employees overseas who are directly employed by Apple. That's an absurd figure, but is true and is supported by the annual report of the company. Many additional workers are used by the manufacturers, and the amount runs up to 7, 00,000 workers, building and assembling Apple's products ("Incremental Innovation Brings Benefits, Argue Manufacturers"). Apple is a typical example of how products are increasingly being manufactured overseas. The sole notion that l abor is cheap overseas is not the only concern of Apple. But the main cause lies in the fact that overseas plants excel at higher degrees of flexibility, industrial skills, and diligence of foreign workers. These necessary skills have outpaced American workers by a significant margin. The outpacing margin is such large that it is no longer feasible and viable for the Apple products to be tagged as Made in U.S.A. It was the only option as per Apples spokesperson who said that the Chinese firms are the inevitable consequences of high global demand as they deliver with such exceptional speed and efficiency (Annual Report). Suicides, riots speak of impending violence at Foxconns iPhone factories The Foxconn is a leading supplier of iPhone and its associated products. The company has vast operations in several provinces of China (Bggild and Podlech 102-105). The company employs around a million employees in all of its plants. The manufacturing outlet in Taiyuan employed over 70, 000 people and was witness to a massive act of violence. Foxconn officially quoted this an escalation of the personal dispute. Apparently, that wasn't a personal conflict that involved more than 2000 workers running riot inside the factory premises. Chinese authorities are investigating the probable causes. The company had again stressed that the matter was not related to work but a personal dispute among multiple employees. News has constantly been pouring in about incidents that have been occurring at Foxconns plants. There had been reports of suicides by employees, two incidents of the explosion and constant reports of harsh working conditions by the plant (May et al.). The pay might be higher than other similar jobs in China, but the wage barely covers the rent of the dormitories in which the employees are made to reside. Managers rarely allow leaves and time off simply because many people can readily replace the noncompliant employee. But sources in Apple say that the company is highly dedicated to the cause of compliance of working standards. The company works around the clock, in providing scrutinizing measures and to ensure that the working conditions are not inhumane and derogatory in nature. The suicides and violence are not isolated but are entwined with the root causes still untouched ("Apple Advertisement" 103-103). Apple may audit the accounts and survey the workplace of their foreign manufacturers, but unless there are efforts from the private sector, this problem wont be resolved very soon enough. The ongoing crisis can only be resolved if Chinese regulatory authorities step their vigilance. Effects of Globalization and the ideology of Apple Inc. The effect of globalization resulted in increased global sales and revenue in the context of Apple Inc. The globalization has provided the grounds for Apple to shift their product manufacturing base to overseas (Boudreaux). The globalization has paved the way for Apple relying on the efficiency of the Chinese to hasten production. A company such as Apple has benefited at large due to globalization. Apple is a creative company, contrary to popular belief that Apple is a product based company. Apple often gives the product at minimum profits at slim costs. So the profit margin of the manufacturers is also highly constrained. So it is natural for the manufacturers to try and take every route possible to save costs and exploit labor. The ideology of Apple, in the beginning, was pure. The company believed that they need to develop an individual product in a single product segment that would ultimately become the leaders in that product segment (Venugopal 71). The ideology still holds true, and the company focused on developing consumer products of high-end ranges. The key strategy of the company is to focus on the quality and in-depth experience of the user. The company develops such a product that is high in self-esteem value and is more appealing than contemporary products. The price simply doesn't concern the customer who demands high-end technology fusion with amazing aesthetics, art, and beauty of the product. The customers are attracted towards the Apple's product because it increases their social stature (Franzak, Little and Pitta 123-127). The ideology of the company to keep it straightforward and efficient that would be pioneers in their segments paved the way for Apple's huge global success through succe ssive years. The product is the key to Apple's success through many years of operation. The product though is not being manufactured domestically but is being outsourced to overseas manufacturers to increase efficiency and flexibility in operations. iPhone 6 plus consumes double data than iPhone 6 The relatively large size of the iPhone 6 plus which is more similar to a tablet that consumes massive battery power. The phone consumes a lot of battery power in addition to drawing a huge data resource (Brackett). The users of iPhone 6 consume as much as relatively 50 percent fewer data than the users using the relatively larger iPhone 6 Plus. The report was first published by technology enterprise virtualization firm named Citrix. The data consumption fact was correlated by Citrix after surveying thousands of iPhone users. The users had to answer a questionnaire based on their iPhone using experience and rate the interactive score of the process. The users of the larger series 6 model complained of being unable to use the phone when wifi is not available. The phone has a relatively larger screen, which aids users in being able to view large sized windows. The larger screen size means more screen resolution which aids in further consumption of high-quality videos. That is the most accountable cause of this problem. The rate of data consumption is such that it is approximate twice the volume used by iPhone 6 users when viewing video content online (Soest and Hurd). The increased data consumption means an escalation of costs of 4th generation mobile data. The cost of mobile internet is significantly higher, as one goes up in the available bandwidth segments. The people would not like to be drained of their mobile data while viewing a few minutes of videos online (Jolly and Latifi 558). The sales of iPhone6 plus have resulted in the declining of sales of iPads. The probable cause of this phenomenon is that the iPhone6 Plus is almost the same size as an iPad. People want to achieve higher degrees of mobility at a lesser cost and less burden on the cumbersome activity of carrying an iPad throughout the day. The documented kitchens of the world, what the world eats An American photographer named Peter Menzel, and author Faith D' Aluisio had set out to travel the world together. In light of their journey, they set out to explore the contents of kitchens across the world. They wanted to venture into the kitchens of ordinary and general public and document their experiences. The duo had a particular purpose in mind; they specifically wanted to know, how much money a family utilizes in supplementing their diets (Adey). The traveler pair, after visiting many nations and ordinary households surveyed and enquired about the cost of food of families living in varying social and financial backgrounds. The travelers have set out on the journey to document the most primal of human behaviors- what a family eats. The name of their project is "Hungry Planet" and it gives a detailed account of how and what an average family eats in a given week. The project also took into account the cost of the weekly food budget. The travelers released their documented book Hungry Planet: what the world eats in the year of 2005. The book showcases average families featuring from 24 different nationalities. The family of Tingo, Ecuador who was called, the Ayme family was spotted and documented with a large stash of vegetables. The South-Malian Natomo family of Kouakourou province was seen posing on the terrace of their ancestral home with sacks of grains. The favorite food of the family of Madsen, Greenland according to an unambiguous decision by all members had considered polar bear meat as the most likable. They also said that they would prefer a mid-sized toothed whale or the skin of a narwhal (Goggin 231-244). The Hungry Planet gained popularity, and the portraits of the book were showcased by the Nobel Peace Centre to give viewers a look into the kitchens of the world. The paintings gave a sneak peek into the world of home cuisine all over the world, offering views of real kitchens from China to Kuwait, to Hong Kong to Mexico. Conclusion The world is an expensive place to live in nowadays. The ever increasing cost of food production to never dwindling effects of inflation has resulted that we start seeking alternatives to our current modes of operation or production. The sustainable and holistic development needs to be combined with efficiency in energy management and food production. The Apple Incorporated has taken necessary steps to regulate their ethical production, but very less has been physically achieved. To learn from the mistakes of the past, the human race needs to improvise and modify their life. The human race is an intelligent race, which has the capability to transform the world in any way possible. So it is the utmost responsibility of the smart race to aid in sustainable developmental practices. The organizations involved in the trading and profiting must treat their employees and workforce in a dignified manner. The companies must seek to deliver on the cause of corporate social responsibility. References Adey, Peter.Mobility. London: Routledge, 2010. Print. Annual Report. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2010. Print. "Apple Advertisement".Computer45.5 (2012): 103-103. Web. Ballew, Joli.Iphone. Harlow: Pearson, 2013. Print. Bggild, Carl Egede and Steffen Podlech. "Significant Thinning Of The South Greenland Ice Sheet Margin".wea61.4 (2006): 102-105. Web. Boudreaux, Donald J.Globalization. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2008. Print. Brackett, Michael H.Data Resource Integration. Bradley Beach, NJ: Technics Publications, 2012. Print. Delin, Annie.Audits. London: Resource, 2003. Print. Franzak, Frank, Mike Little, and Dennis Pitta. "Product Development For A Stigmatized Segment".Journal of Product Brand Management17.2 (2008): 123-127. Web. Goggin, Gerard. "Adapting The Mobile Phone: The Iphone And Its Consumption".Continuum23.2 (2009): 231-244. Web. "Incremental Innovation Brings Benefits, Argue Manufacturers".The Pharmaceutical Journal(2013): n. pag. Web. Jolly, Vasu and Shahram Latifi. "Reliable Data Transmission In Mobile Ad Hoc Sensor Networks".International Journal of Mobile Communications5.5 (2007): 558. Web. May, Kyle et al.Apple. [Brooklyn, NY]: Clog, 2012. Print. Soest, Arthur van and Michael D Hurd.Models For Anchoring And Acquiescence Bias In Consumption Data. Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, 2004. Print. Venugopal, R. "Resource-Based New Product Development: Insights From The Small Car Project Of The Indian Company TELCO".IJATM5.1 (2005): 71. Web. Workforce. Columbia, S.C.: South Carolina Commerce, 2009. Print.

Friday, March 27, 2020

Labor Economy Generating Factors

Factors that affect labor supply Several factors affect the labor supply as evident in the survey results. Reflectively, equilibrium and transitional wage differentials offer a valid explanation for the elicit labor differential persistence in the labor markets as part of the supply constraint. Reflectively, homogeneous jobs and perfect competition within the labor market are critical in the labor supply matrix.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Labor Economy Generating Factors specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Ideally, workers will have limited option apart from changing jobs until optimal satisfaction is achieved through the creation of a theoretical balance characterized by identical wage payment across same industry. In this process, the labor supply is disrupted. However, in reality labor wage rate variances are persistent in both empirical and casual rates despite the theoretical balance. These variances are attributed to inconsistencies between casual and empirical wage rate reviews. Besides, nonwage factors, such as fringe benefits, job location, job status, wage advancement prospects, earnings regularity, and risk of death or injury in a job have substantial influence on supply decisions since they form part of wage differentials. Consequently, their intrinsic influence forms part of the overall wage differentials that are part of the generated labor supply effect. Market information placement is presented as another vital determinant of labor supply. Market information influences the behavior of the labor market, its efficiency, and optimal operation. Thus, imperfect and costly market labor information is a major contributor towards persistent labor differentials at the micro and macro levels of the labor market. Besides, when their effect is long term, then the outcome may assume the form of long-lasting differential wage imbalances that are transitioning from a period to anoth er. Consequently, wage structure immobilities such as institutional, geographic, and institutional may last longer than usual. Reflectively, these immobilities are clear indicators of differences in wage rates within a similar industry for workers with the same educational level, skills, and experience as indicated in the survey results. On the other hand, substitution and income effects also influence labor supply. In the process of changing occupation, the underlying decision science is the overall effect of the same on capital structure of a worker. Generally, the overall expected outcome is measured as a ratio of the total cost of investment on the relocation. For instance, transportation expenses, psychic costs, and forgone income during transition form part of the cost matrix in labor supply as indicated in the responses collected. Existence of patterns of wage differentials in the sample There is a consistent wage differential pattern in the sample. Specifically, this is as a result of mobility and their influence on labor market variables. The two major types of mobility are categorized as occupational geographical mobility. Reflectively, occupational mobility depends on labor units and the profession of the worker.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As a variation of the market labor mobility, efficiency in ‘allocative’ contributors is significant in balancing the distribution of labor units between low and high employment values as part of the wage differential matrix. Reflectively, the value of marginal product determines the regulatory effect on perfect competition and wage differential. The two components will swing until the regulator balances for employments sharing self efficiency on ‘allocativeness’ as part of the wage differential. However, this interaction holds in a labor market with perfect knowledge of all determinant variables operating in a similar employment industry. Due to similar experience, skills, and educational attainment, the wage rates are likely to balance as the regulator moderates the two determining variables in a constant mobility parameter. Despite the perfect regulation, several interacting externalities are identified as determinants of efficiency ease. As a result, these externalities are associated with minimization of gains realized on efficiency metrics. The worst case occurs when pecuniary externalities interaction with ‘allocative efficiency’ further minimize these gains. In different labor markets, wage differentials generate a recurring capital and product flows that interact concurrently to initiate an equalized balance on wages in the long term. However, the wage differentials are inconsequential, especially at the macro level of the labor market as indicated in the table below for each age group.      age   Wage Average as a rat io Age group 18 – 22 5    23 – 28 5    29 – 33 5    34 – 38 4.8    39 – 43 5    44 – 48 4.9    49 – 53 5.1 Reasons for wage differentials As noted in the survey, presence of unions offers solace to workers on bargaining for wages. Adopting efficient contract model, labor unions offer collective bargain opportunity for the two parties over employment level and wage rates. Since it is a flexible model, both the principal and the agent are given an opportunity to balance their offers before striking a compromise deal. For instance, the union can lower supply of labor, increase demand for labor and negotiate an equilibrium wage bargain for its members. Skills and experience are as important as the nonwage factors on wage differentials. In the ideal scenario, when there is a decisive crisis involving the review of wages in a production line, a rational employer would opt for increasing wages paid to highly skil led workers an employee retention strategy. The rate of wage increase will be higher for the highly skilled employers than what the low skilled counterparts eventually get as evidenced in the survey response. Efficiency of wage theories offers a better explanation of the above scenario.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Labor Economy Generating Factors specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More These theories are based on the same notion that the higher turnover of labor units translates into higher wages paid, even though the ratio may not be proportional in perfect and imperfect labor markets. Besides, labor environments with limited quantifiable variables for reviewing performance are a recipe for high wages given to employees since the principal may not be in a position to measure efficiency of each labor unit against wage compensation. As noted in the survey, heterogeneous workers are responsible for the continuou s wage disparities for the group to compete on the nonwage aspects of work within varying stock capitals that are of human nature. Consequently, the quantifiable result would be unbalanced labor preferences within differing market consistency on every unit of labor. This is explained by the hedonic theory of wages to classify this form of interaction between workers that have wage preference variances when interacted with ideal job amenities of nonwage nature. The most likely effect would be the standard labor market’s inability to churn wage differentials that are sustainable for employees sharing similar capital stocks of human nature and counterparts with varying capital stocks of human nature. As a result, wage differential is skewed towards market demand. In summary, wage differences exist across employment due to job characteristics, such as compensating wage differentials, human capital, labor market discrimination, labor union, and incentive pay. Summary of Findings Question Data analysis   Explanation 1 Sex Female 19       Male 11                2 Age group 18 – 22 5       23 – 28 15       29 – 33 5       34 – 38 0       39 – 43 1       44 – 48 3       49 – 53 1                4 Marital status Unmarried 21       Married 9                5 Do you have children Yes 2       No 28                6 Level of education High school 6       Junior college 8       4yr college 13       Postgraduate 3                7 Are you a student Yes 14       No 16                8 Industry Service industry 27       Manufacturing industry 3                10 Employment status Part time 15       Full time 15                11 Number of hours worked ≠¤40 23       40 7                12 Wages ≠¤1000 12       1000wage2000 6       2000 12                13 Nature of job Dangerous 9 21    Risky 6 24    Undesirable 1 29             17 Training for the job Yes 16       No 14                18 Unionized Yes 3       No 17                19 Wage differential Yes 4       No 16                20 Other benefits with the job Yes 18       No 12                21 Opportunity for wage increase/promotion Yes 18       No 12                23 More wage Increase hours of work 17 To make more money    Same hours of work 9 Nature of job does not allow time adjustment    Decrease hours of work 4 More time for school, leisure and family             25 Less wage Increase hours of work 2 To make more money    Same hours of work 6 Nature of job does not allow time adjustment à ‚   Decrease hours of work 17 Less stress at work    Quit job 5                Theoretical Framework Justification Human Capital Theory Fringe benefits and wage earnings are identified as the main components of compensation summation. However, fringe benefits are apportioned a larger share in the total compensation matrix due to the fact that their influence was experiencing a consistent growth over the last decade in the labor market. These fringe benefits are classified as social security, unemployment compensation and employee’s compensation for every unit of labor given as indicated in the human capital theory. For instance, the wage differentials for different age groups studied average at 5. Since fringe benefits are rarely affected by age, the existing wage differential is negligible. In classification, these fringe benefits assume the form of insurance benefits, paid leave, and legally acquired benefits to a worker for every unit of labor delivere d against the revenue realized. Besides these, retirement benefits and savings are included in the summation of the fringe benefits accrued by a worker.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Labor Market Discrimination Theory Type and form of fringe benefits are never universal. Rather, they are influenced by the type of industry in which labor operates, ration and occupational groups as indicated in the labor market discrimination theory. This is due to the fact that governments and other agencies have introduced laws and regulations aimed at pushing for higher and reliable compensation. In most instances, the blue collar employees have a larger share of the legalities, construed benefits than their counterparts in white collar jobs. As indicated in the survey, those in white collar employment earn more than those in blue collar. On average, the white collar employees earn $2500 as compared to the blue collar employees earning an average of $1000 per month. Job Characteristics Theory In a bid to extrapolate this relationship, the Job Characteristics/Compensating Wage Differentials theory is a certain reason for the experienced growth over the sample space. Reflectively , the variables interacting within the parameters of this theory are leisure and income within the normal indifference curve. Consequently, the resulting interaction becomes flexible to different bundles of budget constraints that might be present at each level of computation. Further, this theory asserts that indifference curve is a product of various fringe benefits and wage rates that interact simultaneously to yield same utility level for each worker. When all other factors are held constant, higher swing of the indifference curve indicates higher levels of utility. Irrespective of the inclination of the indifference curve, it is apparent that levels of tax advantage determine the resultant fringe benefit accrued as shown in the survey. Specifically, to support this notion, the benefits accrued from pension plans are taxable upon confirmation of receivership by an employee. Besides, the principle, dividends and interest which are part of the summation of pensions, are best achie ved through pretax accumulation of the fringe benefits as indicated in the survey. On average jobs that demand higher skills attract more wages than those that demand low skills. The highest paid participant is the post graduate worker in a power plant who earns $7000 per month. Incentive pay theory The need for intrinsic substitution as a component of the decision science aimed at managing the fringe benefits are peculiar in labor economics. In such case, the foregone alternative would be forfeiting leisure related savings for health and pension needs which are characterized as basic for every worker. The adoption of this thought is influenced by the fact that basic needs are more critical than the secondary needs in the matrix of fringe benefits. Besides, the long term effects of purchasing the basic needs are greater than those of opting to acquire secondary needs upfront. Tax advantages to employers, scale of economies, and efficiency are major factors that led to the growth of fringe benefits. Therefore, as fringe benefits increase, the workers’ utility increased in the same ratio. In drawing the curve, the initial assumptions consist in the fact that the market operates within a normal profit margin in total employment and product market as part of the overall compensation effect per worker. Generally, substantial changes for each cluster of wages and benefits are negligible within the ‘employer’s isoprofit curve’. The same relationship functions in the Wage-Fringe optimum. As performance and pay interact in the labor market, there is a proportional relationship between performance and pay for each unit of labor given to a firm (principal) against the compensation offered as explained in the incentive pay theory. As indicated in the sample, those in marketing and technical fields earn more incentive than those in normal fields. The unbalance relationship between pay and performance may result in the principal – agent pro blem which might culminate in under utilization of labor units since the agent (employee) may opt to increase leisure through reduced efforts at work. In order to avoid this unwanted scenario, the theory proposes different forms of incentive compensation such as tournament pay, royalties, profits, and bonus plans. In most cases, employers control these incentives and limit them as a fraction of the total revenue after factoring the cost of production and each labor unit. When implementing these incentive plans, it is important to concentrate on personal performance bonuses as opposed to team bonuses, which promote a joyride attitude among workers since the process has no specific measure for distributing incentives. The firm can also opt for equity compensation under which employees are encouraged to take ownership of the firm in the form of stocks as supported by the incentive pay theory. Labor Union When implanting compensation plans, it is important for the firm to consider the e fficiency of each labor unit against the wage payments. These units should be quantified in line with performance targets and revenue accrued. In order to achieve this, introduction of regulatory agents, such as supervisors who work alongside the employees may be beneficial. As a result, the fractional reduction of labor cost per unit of the budget of an employer is referred to as the resultant wage efficiency metrics. This matrix is dependent on homogeneous labor inputs wages at market-clearing parameters and external forces like labor unions. As explained in the labor union theory, this agent often influence wage prices to be very sticky downwards. In the sample, the unionized employees reported stable income and structured employment contracts as pull factors into their respective fields. Conclusion In a perfectly skewed labor market, wages are supposed to be determined by the cost of production and total output. Transitional and equilibrium wage differentials explain the persist ence of eliciting labor differential. It is apparent that homogeneous jobs attract perfect competition in the labor markets. Therefore, workers would change jobs until a theoretical balance is created to make wages paid across identical. Interestingly, in comparing the casual and empirical wage rates, labor theories adopt an assumption that different wage rates exist and are generally persistent despite equilibrium due to factors such as the variances between empirical examination and casual review of wage rates. As identified in the survey results, nonwage factors such as fringe benefits, job location, job status, wage advancement prospects, earnings regularity, and risk of death or injury in a job have a substantial influence on supply decisions since they form part of wage differentials. As a result, their influence consists in determining the rate of wage differentials for generating the overall effect on the labor supply. The effects of market information on wage differentials are indicated as either positive or negative in the survey results. Reflectively, costly and imperfect market information is largely responsible for the existence of persistent wage differentials in labor market. In an ideal labor market, these imperfections and cost burdening information is a ladder towards the extreme wage rate ranges since their operation in the market is independent on the normal wage differentials. When their effect lasts longer than usual, the effect would translate into long-lasting wage differentials of a transitional nature. This term paper on Labor Economy Generating Factors was written and submitted by user Ella Salinas to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 6, 2020

NYSE and NASDAQ

NYSE and NASDAQ Executive Summary The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) are the two largest exchanges in North America. These two attract not only the most prominent exchange traders in the United States of American but also have the most number of equities in the country.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on NYSE and NASDAQ specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It is a known fact that hundreds of companies in the US prefer to trade their stocks with well established exchanges (Cootner, 1964). The long experience of both the NYSE and the NASDAQ in this sector makes them reliable. They have efficient systems and personnel to make sure that stock trading takes place without the slightest flaw. Similarities between the NYSE and the NASDAQ The New York Stock Exchange and the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations have a variety of features in c ommon. One notable similarity between the two is that both of them are controlled by the Stock Exchange Commission. This is a commission that safeguards the buyers and sellers of stock from fraud. It also ensures that the two exchanges adhere to the laid down laws and procedures in the sector. The commission not only protects the buyers and sellers but also the two exchanges. It does this by removing or hindering instances of unfair competition caused by either of the exchanges to the other (Blakey 2006). Secondly, both the NYSE and the NASDAQ can be easily accessed by members of the public. This can be done through dealers of the two companies which are always available for customer service. Just like any other company, the two companies are also open for public investment. As a matter of fact, both of them trade their own stocks at the stock exchange markets. Their stock quotes can be found on most stock exchange markets across the United States of America. Differences between the NYSE and the NASDAQ The differences between the NYSE and NASDAQ are more compared to the similarities. First and foremost, the transactions of the NYSE take place in a real physical place in New York City. This is the place where buyers and sellers assemble to buy and sell their stocks. On the other hand, the transactions of the NASDAQ do not take place in a real physical place. All the transactions are carried out through an electronic system. All the buy and sell orders are received and communicated over a telecommunications network. The process involves direct contact between the market makers and the investors.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The second noticeable difference between the NYSE and NASDAQ is the fact that, while the NYSE operates on an auction market, the NASDAQ operates on a dealer market. In NASDAQ trading, there is no contact between the sell er and the buyer. The market makers act as intermediaries between them. They are responsible for matching buying and selling orders. On the contrary, NYSE trading involves typical selling and buying where both the buyers and sellers are present and actively involved in the process. There is actual bidding on the price of the stocks and the highest bidder is matched with the seller who asks for the lowest price. The final difference between the NYSE and the NASDAQ is about the role of those who are in charge of controlling buyer-seller traffic in each exchange. The controller in the NYSE is called the specialist while that in the NASDAQ is called the market maker. While the specialist is charged with the responsibility of matching buyers and sellers, the market maker’s duty is to facilitate the flow of trade by transacting with the sellers and buyers. In other words, the specialist merely controls the buyers and the sellers, but the market maker actually identifies the buyer f or a particular stock and facilitates the transaction. The Public Company Accounting and Investor Protection Act of 2002 This is a federal law of the United States that was passed on July 30, 2002. Its enactment followed cases of fraud and doctored financial records in a number of firms across the nation. The law was enacted at a time when investors and the general public had lost confidence in public firms. This is due to the fact that investors had lost billions of dollars in cases of fraud that affected companies such as WorldCom and Enron. Therefore, the main purpose of the act was to restore the trust that almost everybody had lost in public companies. The act led to the formation of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Committee (PCAOC). This committee assumes the role of auditors and oversees and regulates accounting firms. The committee is also responsible for registering auditors and inspecting their work in order to vet their quality. Moreover, the committee formulates policies and guidelines that regulate the operations of audit firms. The act also establishes a set of standards that advocate for the external independence of auditors. This autonomous operation of audit firms is necessary to avoid jeopardizing the genuine results of the audits. It is required that the audit firm should not have any other relations with the same client that it carries out audit services for. This ensures that the two parties only relate professionally hence leading to the submission of genuine financial records.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on NYSE and NASDAQ specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Conclusion In conclusion, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the National Association of Security Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) share a couple of similarities as well as differences. However, the number of differences exceeds the similarities. From the second part of the report, it is evident that The Public Company Accounting and Investor Protection Act of 2002 has regulated accounting activities and financial records in public companies. Reference List Blakey, P. (2006). The efficient market approximation. IEEE Microwave Magazine,7(1), 28–31. Cootner, P. H. (1964). The random character of stock market prices. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Timed essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Timed - Essay Example As a function of this, the needs and requirements that this particular demographic has with respect to the website they visit are inherently different as compared to needs and requirements that other demographics may have. Due to this fact, it is necessary for website developers to be cognizant of this differential and seek to promote a level of recognition that engages these differences and promotes understanding and development in terms of accessibility issues and improving the web experience for individuals within this particular demographic. As a function of this, the following analysis will seek to provide a brief and summary discussion of some of the tactics they can be utilized and how they would benefit the overall quality of life and web experience of individuals within the aforementioned demographic. It is the hope of this particular author that such a level of discussion will not only be beneficial in encouraging web developers to consider these facets but to employ them w ith respect to websites that are more and more likely to be visited by individuals representing an older demographic. One major consideration that can and should be leveraged has to do with the native platforms that web developers consider with respect to web users that are 65 years of age and older. For instance, web users that are 65 years of age and older tend not to use Android, iOS, and other platforms that are familiar with individuals from different demographic groups (Gencer, 2012). Naturally, this should not dictate that web developers should not be cognizant of the fact that the older demographic may in fact use platforms other than a PC or laptop. Yet, studies with respect to this indicate that web browsing is most commonly conducted via a traditional web browser utilized on a PC computer; at least for this particular demographic group. With this in mind, websites that are specifically focused towards individual within this particular demographic need to